19th June 2015

Isola Maggiore: The Secret Irish Island in the Heart of Italy


“Each piece takes three and a half days to make”, says the local tour guide. The crowd inches closer to the elderly lady who sits shaded, in a doorway, stitching a small beige square of lace.  As she rotates the delicate needlework, an intricate pattern of tiny leaves and shamrocks is slowly revealed.  Now almost blind, the woman says she has been making lace in the same way since she was seven years old. She opens a battered tin and flicks through several finished pieces, all pristine examples of traditional Irish lace.

It’s a scene straight from the last century that could easily have taken place in Clonakilty or Killarney or even Connemara. But it’s happening 2000 km from Ireland on Isola Maggiore, a remote island of just sixteen residents located on Lake Trasimeno in Umbria.

Today Irish lace-making is one of Isola Maggiore’s proudest traditions and the women who sit sewing on the main street are almost regarded as local celebrities.


How Irish Lace Made Its Way to a Tiny Italian Island


Irish lace Italy

Lace artist at work on Isola Maggiore


In the early 1900s, Isola Maggiore’s population was booming –  around 200 people were calling the island home.  One of them was a  Marquis by the name of Giacinto Guglielmi of Civitavecchia. He had just built his lavish “Villa Guglielmi” summer residence on the southern coast and was on the look out for ways to improve the local economy. Noticing that the local women were a dab hand at mending their husbands’ fishing nets, his daughter Elena had a light-bulb moment.  She called in the expertise of a Turin-based Irish woman to channel their skills into the far more refined craft of traditional Irish lacework.

Little is known about the identity of the Irish lacework teacher or how she came to be in Turin, but what we do know is that she taught the islanders well.  Within a short amount of time, the local women of Isola Maggiore were supplying Elena’s wealthy Perugian and Florentine friends with delicate Irish- style lace garments and accessories. By 1904, an embroidery school was opened for the young daughters of the fishermen. And so began the legacy that lives on to this day along the doorsteps of Via Guglielmi (Isola Maggiore’s main street).


The Lace Museum

embroidery school

The first students of the island’s Embroidery School


The Museo del Merlotto (Museum of Lace) is located on Via Guglielmi and showcases some of the most beautiful and impressive examples of crochet and lacework made by women on the island including tablecloths, handkerchiefs, collars, gloves and wedding dresses.  It also tells the story of the embroidery school, how the craft flourished on Isola Maggiore and the key role played by lace in improving the island’s economy. It’s a pleasant way to spend half an hour or so with the added bonus of being a nice, cool refuge from sizzling afternoon temperatures in the summer months.

Museo del Merlotto, 9am – 5pm, Via Guglielmi, entry costs €1 per person


Getting to Isola Maggiore



The ferry to Isola Maggiore takes around 30 mins


Isola Maggiore is the largest of the three islands on Lake Trasimeno and is connected to the mainland by a ferry service that runs to the towns of Tuoro sul Trasimeno, Passignano and Castiglione de Lago. There are currently just 16 permanent residents, amongst them are 3 Belgians and one 31- year old writer, the island’s youngest inhabitant. In the summer months, the island’s population swells, with day-trippers hopping on the ferry for an afternoon of R and R.  Visitors are asked to respect the quiet, peaceful environment –  no cars are allowed at any time. Perugia is the closest airport.


 The Green Heart of Italy: Three Umbrian Towns Not to be Missed


Umbria is known as Italy’s “green heart”, it’s the only region of Italy that is completely landlocked,  bordering neither coastline nor other European countries.  With its meandering olive groves, rolling hills and medieval towns, there’s an old world charm about Umbria, reminiscent of neighbouring Tuscany. The fact that the region is still very much untouched by mass tourism makes it all the more attractive.  Planning a trip to Umbria?  Don’t miss these three cities:



orvieto italy



What’s not to love about a city that practically carved itself into a slab of volcanic rock? Located halfway between Florence and Rome, Orvieto is a photographer’s dream with its cobbled laneways, medieval piazzas and magnificent gothic cathedral.






Popular with pilgrims for centuries (St Francis was born here in 1181), Assisi’s main attraction is its 13th century Basilica di San Francesco, home of sacred relics associated with Francis as well as frescoes about his life. In recent years, the city has become a bit more touristy (neon rosary beads anyone?)  but wander its streets in the late afternoon or early evening and you’ll find the town bathed in the most beautiful light.  A sense of peace prevails and it’s easy to imagine the quiet tranquillity experienced by St Francis.






A foodie’s paradise, Norcia is famous for its delicious pork creations including sausage, prosciutto and salami as well as its locally grown lentils and black truffles. Visit during February and feast your way through giant wheels of cheese, mountains of sausages and lashings of Umbrian red wine at the city’s truffle festival.


Been to Umbria lately? We’d love to hear about your favourite towns and villages – leave a comment below and share your tips!

Fiona Hilliard

Fiona Hilliard

A love of new cultures is what drives Dublin travel writer Fiona Hilliard to explore the cities of Europe and beyond.


  • Glynis Charlton

    Thanks so much for this gorgeous blog post. I visited Isola Maggiore last year for the first time and immediately fell in love with it. (So much so that I’ve now set up a writing retreat there – my own light bulb moment!) What a magical place. It can take a bit of getting to – but that’s half the fun. The easiest was Stansted to Perugia by Ryanair, then the train. Reading your post just brought it all back to me and I can’t wait to return this September. Thank you!

    25th July 2015 at 9:47 pm
  • Fiona Hilliard
    Fiona Hilliard

    Glad you enjoyed the piece Glynis. Isola Maggiore is a very unique place – I can imagine the quietness makes it the perfect location for a writer’s retreat.

    27th July 2015 at 7:52 am
  • Jules Told Me

    Isola Maggiore sounds great – love the idea of the little old ladies still making lace, and seems like a quiet place for writers, that’s for sure. Anywhere to eat?

    11th August 2015 at 8:10 pm
    • Fiona Hilliard
      Fiona Hilliard

      Yes, it’s very quiet and peaceful – perfect for writers actually! There are a few outdoor cafés, close to the harbour and some local restauraunts near the Lace Museum on the main street. Unfortunately I didn’t get to try any of these but it makes a good excuse for a return visit 🙂

      13th August 2015 at 11:38 am
      • Bbinder

        Da Sauro is a restaurant near the ferry landing and it absolutely delicious. Try the lake perch (persico) grilled on a wood fire with black truffle sauce.

        22nd April 2016 at 11:41 am
  • Andrew Jones

    I travel to Lago Trasimeno 5 or 6 times a year, so I was deligthed to see this lovely description of Isola Maggiore! Right now I fly Dubin to Rome and drive up to Castiglione del Lago. How about Ryanair opening a Dublin Perugia route?

    22nd April 2016 at 7:57 am
    • Anne ODonnell

      I would love if you opened a Dublin to to Perugia service. I visited the area 2 years ago and cant wait to return. It is everything you say and more

      2nd May 2016 at 10:21 pm
  • Anne ODonnell

    I visited the area two years ago, was enchanted by it and cant wait to return. It is everything you say and more. I too, would love if you opened a Dublin to Perugia service . PLEASE give this your consideration

    2nd May 2016 at 10:26 pm

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